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  • MMR (Measles, Mumps, and Rubella)
  • Vaccine Recommendations

Are there any situations where more than 2 doses of MMR are recommended?

There are two circumstances when a third dose of MMR is recommended. ACIP recommends that women of childbearing age who have received 2 doses of rubella-containing vaccine and have rubella serum IgG levels that are not clearly positive should receive 1 additional dose of MMR vaccine (maximum of 3 doses). Further testing for serologic evidence of rubella immunity is not recommended. MMR should not be administered to a pregnant woman.

In 2018, ACIP published guidance for MMR vaccination of people at increased risk for acquiring mumps during an outbreak. People previously vaccinated with 2 doses of a mumps virus–containing vaccine who are identified by public health authorities as being part of a group or population at increased risk for acquiring mumps because of an outbreak should receive a third dose of a mumps virus–containing vaccine (MMR or MMRV) to improve protection against mumps disease and related complications. More information about this recommendation is available at

Last reviewed: June 19, 2023

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