Prevaccination serologic testing for HAV (measuring either total anti-HAV or IgG anti-HAV) is not indicated for children because of the low prevalence of infection in children. It also is not routinely recommended for adults but may be considered in some settings to reduce costs associated with vaccinating people who are already immune. Prevaccination testing should not be used if it poses a barrier to vaccinating susceptible people, especially people who are difficult to access.
Prevaccination testing is most likely to be cost-effective for adults who were either born in or lived for long periods of time in areas of the world with high or intermediate hepatitis A endemicity. When evaluating people from populations with high rates of previous HAV infection, vaccination history also should be obtained, if feasible. If testing or vaccination history is not available, do not postpone vaccinating. There is no harm in vaccinating a person who has had natural infection or previous doses of vaccine.