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  • Hepatitis A
  • For Special Populations

Why is hepatitis A vaccination recommended (and IG not recommended) for infant travelers age 6 through 11 months at risk of exposure to hepatitis A virus (HAV)?

Because of measles. Measles is highly communicable and poses a serious threat to the health of unvaccinated infants. For this reason, all infants age 6 through 11 months who travel internationally are recommended to receive a dose of measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine (MMR) to reduce the risk of measles infection during travel.

The antibodies in immune globulin (IG) typically used to prevent HAV infection in infants before the first birthday can interfere with the effectiveness of MMR vaccine. An infant who is given IG should not be vaccinated with MMR or varicella vaccines for at least 6 months after IG administration. If an infant age 6 through 11 months is traveling to a destination where protection from infection with HAV is desired, ACIP recommends off-label use of HepA vaccine (not IG) in addition to MMR. The HepA and MMR doses administered before the first birthday do not count toward the routine vaccination series of either vaccine: these infant travelers will still need two doses of HepA and two doses of MMR when age appropriate.

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