In general, no. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) regulations do not require the wearing of gloves when administering vaccinations, unless the person administering the vaccine is likely to come into contact with potentially infectious body fluids or has an open lesion on their hand. If a healthcare worker chooses to wear gloves, he or she must change them between each patient encounter.
In 2020, in response to the COVID-19 pandemic, CDC temporarily recommended the use of gloves when administering oral and intranasal vaccines to patients in communities where SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19, is circulating. Gloves were recommended to prevent contact with the recipient’s potentially infectious mucous membranes or respiratory secretions. In the setting of widely available and effective COVID-19 vaccines and treatments, CDC resumed recommending standard pre-pandemic infection control practices during vaccination.