has been refreshed! Take a tour.
  • Hepatitis B
  • Vaccine Recommendations

My adult patient is traveling to Nigeria in one month. She is already immune to hepatitis A, but we want to provide protection for hepatitis B. How can we best provide protection in this circumstance?

In its 2006 ACIP recommendation for the prevention of hepatitis B, an accelerated 4-dose series of hepatitis B vaccine (which was not FDA-approved) was described as acceptable. CDC experts no longer recommend that approach when travel is imminent because other FDA-approved options exist.

The simplest option is Heplisav-B: its 2-dose series may be completed in 4 weeks. If Heplisav-B is unavailable, another option is to give the first 3 doses of the 4-dose accelerated schedule for Twinrix (HepA-HepB) at 0 days, 7 days, and 21-30 days and to have her return for a fourth dose 12 months after dose 1. Although this patient does not need the hepatitis A component, a combination vaccine such as Twinrix may be used if a single antigen option is not feasible; the additional doses of hepatitis A vaccine are not harmful.

Last reviewed: July 21, 2023

This page was updated on .