|Issue 1034: January 8, 2013
January is Cervical Cancer Awareness Month
CDC published Announcement: Cervical Cancer Awareness Month—January 2013 in the January 4 issue of MMWR (page 1049). Portions of the article are reprinted below.
January is Cervical Cancer Awareness Month. Cervical cancer is highly preventable because screening tests for cervical cancer and vaccines to prevent human papillomavirus (HPV), which is the main cause of cervical cancer, are available. However, half of cervical cancers occur among women rarely or never screened for cancer, and another 10%–20% of cancers occur among women who were screened but did not receive adequate follow-up care. When cervical cancer is found early, it is highly treatable and associated with long survival and good quality of life. . . .
To help prevent cervical cancer, vaccines are available to prevent HPV infection. HPV vaccines offer the greatest health benefit to persons who receive all 3 doses before exposure to HPV through sexual activity. Routine HPV vaccination is recommended for girls and boys at age 11 or 12 years. Vaccination also is recommended for females through age 26 years and for males through age 21 years who have not been vaccinated previously. Any man who has sex with other men, and men with compromised immune systems (including human immunodeficiency virus infection), also may be vaccinated through age 26 years.
Information about HPV vaccines is available. Additional information about CDC programs that promote early detection and treatment of cervical cancer is available from the National Breast and Cervical Cancer Early Detection Program.
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New York City recommends meningococcal vaccination for certain men who have sex with men
CDC published Notes from the Field: Serogroup C Invasive Meningococcal Disease Among Men Who Have Sex With Men—New York City, 2010–2012 in the January 4 issue of MMWR (page 1048). Portions of the article are reprinted below.
On September 27, 2012, the New York City (NYC) Department of Health and Mental Hygiene (DOHMH) alerted health-care providers and the public about 12 cases of invasive serogroup C Neisseria meningitidis disease (SCMD) occurring in NYC since August 2010 among men who have sex with men (MSM). . . .
By December 31, 2012, a total of 18 cases had been identified among MSM. . . . All 18 patients were hospitalized, and five deaths occurred. . . . At least seven patients had met multiple sexual partners online.
On October 4, 2012, DOHMH recommended administration of meningococcal vaccine to HIV-infected male NYC residents who had intimate contact with any man met online, through a smartphone application, or at a bar or party since September 1, 2012. On November 29, DOHMH expanded its recommendation to HIV-uninfected men with the same high-risk behaviors who reside in areas of Brooklyn where recent cases have clustered. In addition, DOHMH publicized this outbreak among the population at risk through advertising, mass e-mail messages on MSM websites, posters distributed at MSM bars and clubs, and outreach to community leaders and physicians' groups.
More information regarding invasive meningococcal disease and this outbreak is available on the CDC and DOHMH websites. Public health departments should be alert for cases of SCMD in MSM and should ask SCMD patients about sexual history, travel history (including travel to NYC), and HIV status to help determine if this outbreak is spreading to other jurisdictions.
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IAC Spotlight! Hundreds of images/photos related to vaccination and VPDs
Looking for new ways to educate your patients about the importance of vaccination? Look no further. When it comes to educating the public and healthcare professionals about the serious health effects of vaccine-preventable diseases (VPDs), nothing else packs the punch of a visual image. The IAC Image Library web section provides access to hundreds of disease and vaccination-related images.
IAC has brought together images of people suffering from VPDs; pictures of healthcare professionals vaccinating children, teens, and adults; and photos taken during various global immunization campaigns, as well as pathology specimens and micrographs of viruses and bacteria. Almost all of the images are free to download and can be used in lectures, articles, and presentations.
New staff-education piece: "Pneumococcal Vaccination Recommendations for Children and Adults by Age and/or Risk Factor," along with an updated "Pneumococcal Vaccines—CDC answers your questions"
IAC recently developed a staff-education sheet titled Pneumococcal Vaccination Recommendations for Children and Adults by Age and/or Risk Factor. It summarizes the recommendations of CDC's Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices for the use of both types of pneumococcal vaccine–pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13) and pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPSV23). The document includes information pertinent to vaccinating patients of all ages and with various risk factors.
IAC also thoroughly revised the handout Pneumococcal Vaccines—CDC answers your questions, by inserting information on pneumococcal conjugate vaccine, adding new questions, and giving the handout a new design and title. It was previously titled "Pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPSV)—CDC answers your questions."
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New parent handout: "Vaccinations for Infants and Children, Age 0–10 Years"
IAC recently created Vaccinations for Infants and Children, Age 0–10 Years to educate parents about the importance of making sure their child's vaccinations are up to date.
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IAC takes a fresh approach in its handout for adolescents “Vaccinations for Preteens and Teens, Age 11–19 Years”
With the handout Vaccinations for Preteens and Teens, Age 11–19 Years, IAC developed a fresh, new way to educate adolescents about the vaccines they need to stay healthy during their teen years and beyond.
Based on a piece titled "Are you 11–19 years old? Then you need to be vaccinated against these serious diseases!" the handout was completely revised, simplified, redesigned, and reorganized.
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New patient handout: "Vaccinations for Adults with Diabetes"
IAC recently developed Vaccinations for Adults with Diabetes to let adults with diabetes know which vaccines are recommended for them and the ages at which they should be vaccinated. The information is presented in a simple table format that is easy to read and understand.
"Vaccinations for Adults with Diabetes" is part of a suite of four handouts that focuses on adults in risk groups for vaccination. IAC will add to the suite in the future and will alert IAC Express readers as new adult handouts become available.
Here are the three other handouts currently in the suite:
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Influenza is spreading and serious, and vaccination is recommended for nearly everyone, so please keep vaccinating your patients
Influenza vaccination is recommended for everyone age 6 months and older, so please continue to vaccinate your patients.
If you don't provide influenza vaccination in your clinic, please recommend vaccination to your patients and refer them to the HealthMap Vaccine Finder to locate sites near their workplace or home that offer influenza vaccination services.
IZ Express is supported in part by Grant No. 1NH23IP922654 from CDC’s National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases. Its contents are solely the responsibility of Immunize.org and do not necessarily represent the official views of CDC.
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Editor-in-ChiefKelly L. Moore, MD, MPH
Managing EditorJohn D. Grabenstein, RPh, PhD
Associate EditorSharon G. Humiston, MD, MPH
Writer/Publication CoordinatorTaryn Chapman, MS
Courtnay Londo, MA
Style and Copy EditorMarian Deegan, JD
Web Edition ManagersArkady Shakhnovich
Contributing WriterLaurel H. Wood, MPA
Technical ReviewerKayla Ohlde