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Talking about Vaccines
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Adjuvants & Ingredients

Adjuvants and Ingredients

Adjuvants are substances added to certain vaccines to increase the body's immune response to that vaccine. Ingredients are added to inactivate viruses or bacteria, to preserve them, and to prevent them from losing potency over time. Vaccines containing adjuvants and ingredients are tested for safety in clinical trials before they are licensed for use in the United States.
Adjuvants and Ingredients Resources
Immunization Action Coalition (IAC)
Immunization Action Coalition (IAC)
Click this arrow to view IAC's parent handouts
Handouts for Parents
IAC's collection of handouts for staff and patients
Clear Answers & Smart Advice About Your Baby's Shots
Clear Answers & Smart Advice About Your Baby's Shots
Need Help Responding to Vaccine-Hesitant Parents? Science-Based Materials from Respected Organizations
Need Help Responding to Vaccine-Hesitant Parents? Science-Based Materials from Respected Organizations
>> view all handouts for parents
Click this arrow to watch A Practical Guide to Improving Adult Vaccination Rates in Your Practice
Ask the Experts: Vaccine Safety
Find answers to thousands of challenging and timely questions about vaccines and their administration; specific Q&As address the use of adjuvants
Click this arrow to view IAC's collection of vaccine information statements
Vaccine Information Statements
VISs explain both the benefits and risks of a vaccine
Click this arrow to view IAC's collection of unprotected people reports
Unprotected People Reports
Real-life accounts of suffering and loss
IAC's website for the public - vaccineinformation.org
Click this arrow to view the vaccine safety websection on vaccineinformation.org
Vaccine Basics: Vaccine Safety
The Vaccine Basics web section on vaccineinformation.org provides information about importance of vaccines and answers many common questions about vaccines and getting vaccinated
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
CDC: Provider Resources for Vaccine Conversations with Parents
Click this arrow to view CDC's Vaccine Excipient & Media Summary
Vaccine Excipient & Media Summary
Table of excipients (inactive ingredients) included in U.S. vaccines
Click this arrow for Ingredients of Vaccines--Fact Sheet
Ingredients of Vaccines--Fact Sheet
Brief summary, perspective, and references on vaccine ingredients
Click this arrow to view CDC's Talking with Parents about Vaccines for Infants
Talking with Parents about Vaccines for Infants
Strategies for Healthcare professionals
U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
U.S. Food and Drug Administration
Click this arrow to view FDA's Common Ingredients in U.S. Licensed Vaccines
Common Ingredients in U.S. Licensed Vaccines
FDA lists reasons why adjuvants and ingredients are added to vaccines
Vaccine Education Center (VEC)
Vaccine Education Center (VEC)
Click this arrow to view VEC's Vaccine Ingredients
Vaccine Ingredients
Two-page color brochure for patients and parents
>> Spanish-language version
Click this arrow to view VEC's Aluminum in Vaccines: What you should know
Aluminum in Vaccines: What you should know
Two-page color brochure for patients and parents
>> Spanish-language version
American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP)
AAP's Immunization Website
Click this arrow to view AAP's Questions and Answers about Vaccine Ingredients
Common Parental Concerns: Vaccine Ingredients
Information about antigens, adjuvants, aluminum, and thimerosal
WHO Health Organization - WHO
Vaccine Safety Websites
Click this arrow to view WHO's Adjuvants
Adjuvants
Reports about adjuvants from WHO's Global Vaccine Safety Advisory Committee reports
More Resources
      FEATURED RESOURCE
Frequently Asked Questions about Adjuvants
Frequently Asked Questions about Adjuvants
CDC Vaccine Safety
 
      VIDEOS
Video: Video FAQs: Can You Explain Why Adjuvants, Like Aluminum, Are In Some Vaccines?
Video FAQs: Can You Explain Why Adjuvants, Like Aluminum, Are In Some Vaccines?
In this 34-sec video clip, Paul Offit, MD, discusses vaccine adjuvants
Video: Addressing Vaccine Hesitant Parents
Addressing Vaccine-Hesitant Parents
This set of role-playing videos, available for viewing either as one video or a series of clips, include an introduction and commentary by infectious disease expert Dr. Mark Sawyer.
Videos & PSAs
more videos for parents
Videos & PSAs
more videos for healthcare professionals
      POWERPOINT SLIDE SETS
PowerPoint: Quick Answers to Tough Questions: Vaccine Talking Points for Busy Health Professionals
Quick Answers to Tough Questions: Vaccine Talking Points for Busy Health Professionals
Help parents who question vaccines; references provided
PowerPoint: Common Immunization Myths and Misconceptions
Common Immunization Myths and Misconceptions
Talking points and resources for busy healthcare professionals
>> more PowerPoint slide sets
      JOURNAL ARTICLES
Vaccine Adjuvants: from 1920 to 2015 and Beyond
Vaccines, 2015, 3(2):230-243
Key Roles of Adjuvants in Modern Vaccines
Nature Medicine, 2013 Dec; 19(12):1597-1608
Alum's Adjuvant Action: Grease is the Word
Nature Medicine, 2011; 17:415–416
>> more journal articles
      MORE INFORMATION: ADJUVANTS & INGREDIENTS
Institute for Vaccine Safety: Components of Vaccines
Tables organized by excipients, allergens, and vaccine type
Facts About Childhood Vaccine Ingredients
Backgrounder from Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers of America (PhRMA)
vaccineinformation.org
INFANTS
PRETEENS
TEENS
ADULTS
GLT
GRT
 
Vaccine Questions?
• CDC-info: 800.232.4636
• Email: nipinfo@cdc.gov
• Contact: Program Managers
 
GLB
GRB
This page was updated on July 19, 2016.
This page was reviewed on July 13, 2016.
Immunization Action Coalition  •  2550 University Avenue West  •  Suite 415 North  •  Saint Paul, Minnesota  •  55114
tel 651-647-9009  •  fax 651-647-9131
 
This website is supported in part by a cooperative agreement from the National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases (Grant No. 5U38IP000589) at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in Atlanta, GA. The website content is the sole responsibility of IAC and does not necessarily represent the official views of CDC.