Immunization Action Coalition and the Hepatitis B Coalition

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Issue Number 583            February 20, 2006

CONTENTS OF THIS ISSUE

  1. Errata: MMWR publishes corrections to ACIP's hepatitis B recommendations for infants, children, and adolescents
  2. New: CDC website posts numerous resources to help you promote National Infant Immunization Week, April 22-29
  3. IAC updates patient-information pieces on immunizations for people infected with HIV and/or hepatitis C virus
  4. February 16 issue of CDC's Pandemic Influenza Update now available on IAC's website
  5. CDC updates its Influenza web section with information about avian influenza outbreaks
  6. CDC reports on U.S. influenza activity during January 29-February 4
  7. WHO's redesigned immunization website is now live
  8. CDC reports that transmission of resurgent wild poliovirus type 1 during 2002-05 has been interrupted
  9. Phacilitate Vaccine Forum scheduled for June 19-21 in Amsterdam

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ABBREVIATIONS: AAFP, American Academy of Family Physicians; AAP, American Academy of Pediatrics; ACIP, Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices; CDC, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; FDA, Food and Drug Administration; IAC, Immunization Action Coalition; MMWR, Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report; NIP, National Immunization Program; VIS, Vaccine Information Statement; VPD, vaccine-preventable disease; WHO, World Health Organization.
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February 20, 2006
ERRATA: MMWR PUBLISHES CORRECTIONS TO ACIP'S HEPATITIS B RECOMMENDATIONS FOR INFANTS, CHILDREN, AND ADOLESCENTS

CDC published "Errata: Vol. 54, No. RR-16" in the February 17 issue of MMWR. It concerns errors in ACIP's hepatitis B recommendations for infants, children, and adolescents, which MMWR published December 23, 2005.

The February 17 errata article is reprinted below in its entirety. Please note that material printed in ALL CAPS indicates corrected text.

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In the MMWR Recommendations and Reports "A Comprehensive Immunization Strategy to Eliminate Transmission of Hepatitis B Virus Infection in the United States: Recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP), Part 1: Immunization of Infants, Children, and Adolescents," the following errors occurred:

On page 8, the last two footnotes in Table 2 should read, "Dialysis formulation administered on a 3-dose schedule AT 0, 1, AND 6 MONTHS. ***Two 1.0-mL doses administered at one site, on a 4-dose schedule AT 0, 1, 2, AND 6 MONTHS."

On pages 27-28, in the section titled "Hepatitis B Immune Globulin (HBIG) Dose and Administration," the second sentence of the third bullet should read, "FOR NEONATES (AGED [YOUNGER THAN] 1 MONTH) AND INFANTS (AGED 1-12 MONTHS), HBIG should be administered intramuscularly in the anterolateral thigh using a 22-25-gauge needle. THE APPROPRIATE NEEDLE LENGTH IS USUALLY 5/8" FOR NEONATES AND 7/8"-1" FOR INFANTS."

On page 29, second column, the second sentence of the second bullet should read, "Administration of three doses on an appropriate schedule (TABLE 5), followed by anti-HBs testing 1-2 months after the third dose, is usually more practical than serologic testing after one or more doses of vaccine."

Also on page 29, second column, third bullet, the first sub-bullet should read, "--- If the HBsAg test result is positive, the persons should receive appropriate management, and any household, sexual, or needle-sharing contacts should be identified and vaccinated (see Appendix A)."

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To access a web-text (HTML) version of the complete article, go to: http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5506a6.htm

To access a ready-to-print (PDF) version of this issue of MMWR, go to: http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/PDF/wk/mm5506.pdf

To receive a FREE electronic subscription to MMWR (which includes new ACIP statements), go to:
http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/mmwrsubscribe.html
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February 20, 2006
NEW: CDC WEBSITE POSTS NUMEROUS RESOURCES TO HELP YOU PROMOTE NATIONAL INFANT IMMUNIZATION WEEK, APRIL 22-29

Now in its twelfth year, National Infant Immunization Week (NIIW) provides an excellent opportunity for local and state health departments, national immunization partners, healthcare providers, and community leaders from across the country to highlight the positive impact of immunization on the lives of infants and children and to call attention to immunization achievements. This year NIIW will again be held in conjunction with the Pan American Health Organization's (PAHO) Vaccination Week in the Americas (VWA), April 22-29.

Bi-national awareness and education events in sister city sites along the U.S.-Mexico border are being planned this year to celebrate NIIW and VWA in partnership with PAHO, U.S.-Mexico Border Health Commission (USMBHC), CDC, state and local health departments, and other immunization partners.

These border communities will join more than 500 communities from across the United States in participating in NIIW and VWA by planning community awareness and media events to promote infant immunizations to parents, caregivers, healthcare providers, and their communities.

CDC has posted a host of resources that can help you create your own NIIW event and ensure that all children in your community and throughout the Western Hemisphere have a healthy and safe childhood free from vaccine-preventable diseases.

Resources include materials for creating a kickoff event, English- and Spanish-language public relations materials, and immunization resources from CDC, PAHO, and USMBHC. To access NIIW materials, go to: http://www.cdc.gov/nip/events/niiw/default.htm
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February 20, 2006
IAC UPDATES PATIENT-INFORMATION PIECES ON IMMUNIZATIONS FOR PEOPLE INFECTED WITH HIV AND/OR HEPATITIS C VIRUS

IAC recently revised two patient-education pieces: "If you have HIV infection, which vaccinations do you need?" and "If you have hepatitis C, which vaccinations do you need?" Both pieces now give updated information about vaccinating people infected with HIV and/or hepatitis C virus with the following vaccines: influenza; pneumococcal; tetanus, diphtheria, pertussis (Td, Tdap); hepatitis A; hepatitis B; measles, mumps, rubella (MMR); and varicella. In addition, the piece for people with HIV infection also includes information on meningococcal vaccine.

To access a ready-to-print (PDF) version of "If you have HIV infection, which vaccinations do you need?" go to:
http://www.immunize.org/catg.d/p4041hiv.pdf

To access a web-text (HTML) version, go to:
http://www.immunize.org/catg.d/p4041hiv.htm

To access a ready-to-print (PDF) version of "If you have hepatitis C infection, which vaccinations do you need?" go to:
http://www.immunize.org/catg.d/4042hepc.pdf

To access a web-text (HTML) version, go to:
http://www.immunize.org/catg.d/4042hepc.htm
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February 20, 2006
FEBRUARY 16 ISSUE OF CDC'S PANDEMIC INFLUENZA UPDATE NOW AVAILABLE ON IAC'S WEBSITE

IAC recently updated its pandemic influenza web section with the February 16 issue of CDC's email newsletter Pandemic Influenza Update. To access it, go to:
http://www.immunize.org/pandemic/panflu021606.pdf

To access a range of pandemic influenza resources, go to:
http://www.immunize.org/pandemic
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February 20, 2006
CDC UPDATES ITS INFLUENZA WEB SECTION WITH INFORMATION ABOUT AVIAN INFLUENZA OUTBREAKS

CDC updated its Influenza web section with the following information about avian influenza outbreaks: "Avian influenza: Current situation" (posted 2/14/06). To access this resource, go to: http://www.cdc.gov/flu/whatsnew.htm#updated and click on the pertinent link.

To access a broad range of continually updated information on seasonal influenza, avian influenza, and pandemic influenza, go to: http://www.cdc.gov/flu
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February 20, 2006
CDC REPORTS ON U.S. INFLUENZA ACTIVITY DURING JANUARY 29-FEBRUARY 4

CDC published "Update: Influenza Activity--United States, January 29-February 4, 2006," in the February 17 issue of MMWR. The opening paragraph is reprinted below.

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During January 29-February 4, 2006, the number of states reporting widespread influenza activity increased to nine. Twenty-one states reported regional activity, 13 reported local activity, and six reported sporadic activity.

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To access a web-text (HTML) version of the complete article, go to: http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5506a4.htm

To access a ready-to-print (PDF) version of this issue of MMWR, go to: http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/PDF/wk/mm5506.pdf
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February 20, 2006
WHO'S REDESIGNED IMMUNIZATION WEBSITE IS NOW LIVE

WHO recently announced that the redesign of the website of its Department of Immunization, Vaccines and Biologicals is now complete. Topics now covered include the following: immunization standards; vaccine research and development; immunization financing, supply, and procurement; immunization safety; immunization service delivery and accelerated disease control; and immunization surveillance, assessment, and monitoring.

To access the newly redesigned website, go to:
http://www.who.int/immunization/en
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February 20, 2006
CDC REPORTS THAT TRANSMISSION OF RESURGENT WILD POLIOVIRUS TYPE 1 DURING 2002-05 HAS BEEN INTERRUPTED

CDC published "Resurgence of Wild Poliovirus Type 1 Transmission and Consequences of Importation--21 Countries, 2002-2005," in the February 17 issue of MMWR. A summary made available to the press is reprinted below in its entirety.

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Nearly all of the outbreaks resulting from importations of poliovirus into polio-free areas in 2002-2005 have ended or are close to being stopped. Rapid large-scale immunization response is recommended to stop WPV [wild poliovirus] outbreaks from importations and to achieve polio eradication.

Since the beginning of the global polio eradication initiative, the number of polio-endemic countries decreased from 125 in 1988 to only 6 in 2003. However, beginning in 2002, 21 previously polio-free countries were affected by importations of WPV type 1 from remaining endemic areas, primarily Nigeria. Large outbreaks occurred in 4 of these countries (Indonesia, Somalia, Sudan, and Yemen). By the end of 2005, transmission in each of the 21 countries except Somalia was interrupted or markedly curtailed. The World Health Organization's Advisory Committee on Polio Eradication recommends rapid large-scale immunization response to importations to stop WPV circulation and to facilitate polio eradication.

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To access a web-text (HTML) version of the complete article, go to: http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5506a1.htm

To access a ready-to-print (PDF) version of this issue of MMWR, go to: http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/PDF/wk/mm5506.pdf
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February 20, 2006
PHACILITATE VACCINE FORUM SCHEDULED FOR JUNE 19-21 IN AMSTERDAM

The Phacilitate Vaccine Forum will be held in Amsterdam on June 19-21. Intended to provide an update on pressing issues facing R&D and corporate executives of vaccine companies, this forum will focus on pandemic influenza preparedness.

For more information, go to: http://www.phacilitate.co.uk/pages/spring_vaccine/index.html or contact David McCall +44 (0)20 7839 6151 or email david@phacilitate.co.uk

 

Immunization Action Coalition1573 Selby AvenueSt. Paul MN 55104
E-mail: admin@immunize.org Web: http://www.immunize.org/
Tel: (651) 647-9009Fax: (651) 647-9131

This page was updated on February 20, 2006