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  • Polio

How do I determine if doses of oral polio vaccine (OPV) administered outside the United States were trivalent OPV?

Use the date of administration to make a presumptive determination of what type of OPV was received. Only trivalent doses count as valid for the U.S. polio vaccination schedule.

Trivalent OPV was used throughout the world before April 2016. In April 2016, all countries using tOPV switched to bivalent OPV (bOPV). In addition, some countries also use monovalent OPV (mOPV) during special vaccination campaigns. Doses recorded as bOPV or mOPV, and unspecified OPV doses noted on an immunization record as given during a vaccination campaign, do not count as valid doses for the U.S. polio vaccination schedule.

You may count a record of an “OPV” dose as valid if the dose was administered before April 1, 2016, and was not noted as being administered as part of a mass vaccination campaign. OPV doses administered on or after April 1, 2016, should not be counted as a valid dose for the U.S. polio vaccination schedule.

Last reviewed: July 23, 2023

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