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  • Hepatitis A
  • For Special Populations

ACIP now recommends routine hepatitis A vaccination for people experiencing homelessness. Can you provide a definition of “experiencing homelessness”?

The 2020 ACIP recommendations for the prevention of hepatitis A define a person experiencing homelessness as 1) a person who lacks housing (regardless of whether the person is a member of a family), including a person whose primary residence during the night is a supervised public or private facility (e.g., shelter) that provides temporary living accommodations and a person who is a resident in transitional housing, 2) a person without permanent housing who might: live on the streets, stay in a shelter, mission, single-room occupancy facility, abandoned building, vehicle, or any other unstable or nonpermanent situation, or 3) who is “doubled up”, a term that refers to a situation where persons are unable to maintain their housing situation and are forced to stay with a series of friends or extended family members. In addition, previously homeless persons who are to be released from a prison or a hospital might be considered homeless if they do not have a stable housing situation to which they can return. The instability of a person’s living arrangements is critical to the definition of homelessness.

Last reviewed: June 25, 2023

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